NERC was the first entity in the country to tackle the complex issues associated with the collection and destruction of unwanted medications. Why NERC? Because part of the mission is to decrease the toxicity of the solid waste stream, and evolving science was revealing that medications are a component of that toxicity. Both EPA and the USDA, agreeing with NERC that this presented a solid waste concern, provided funding to research the legal issues, develop strategies for legal and safe collections, and pilot that strategy. The result has been a unique guidance document about setting up and operating such collections, as well as pilot collections in Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont. Ms. Rubinstein has been the project lead. Project funding: EPA, USDA, Community Pharmacy Foundation.